Research from Conlon & Patel showing that "many more students expect to attain their major’s stereotypical career than actually work in that job:
- 65% of prospective art majors expect to be artists (only 17% are),
- 63% of biology majors expect to be doctors(23% are),
- 42% of communications/journalism majors expect to be writers or journalists (4% are),
- 62% of psychology majors expect to be counselors (21% are),
- Majors more likely to end in disappointment: "—e.g., fine arts, humanities, communications, psychology—have both rare stereotypical careers and low-paying alternatives."
- Majors less likely to end in disappointment: "STEM, business, education, and nursing, either because these majors’ stereotypical careers are objectively quite common or because wages are high even for those who end up in non-stereotypical careers."