'Bob' found a way to get his job done, and done quite well, at no additional cost to his employer. According to The Register, 'Bob' was a "star developer" for a "a US critical infrastructure company." He was able to perform so well and still have time to goof off because he had outsourced his job to China. It cost him only one-fifth of his six figure salary. His scheme was only uncovered from a security audit. The story concludes that "Bob is no longer employed by the firm."
Was this an offense for which he should be fired* or is this an example of 'working smarter, not harder?' On the one hand, he was able to deliver to his employers superlative work at no additional cost. On the other hand, he was withholding from his employer a way to further reduce costs - either by replacing him or replacing others' jobs. This episode reminds me of David Friedman's beautiful essay on free trade entitled "Iowa Car Crop" reprinted in Steven Landsburg's "Armchair Economist."
*He may have violated security protocols or some other procedures. I am focusing on getting solely on the outsourcing one's job part.